The National Hazardous Waste Management Policy, 2022 of Pakistan is a set of guidelines for the environmentally sound management of solid and hazardous waste in the country. The Ministry of Climate Change has formulated this comprehensive national level policy through consultative process with relevant stakeholders. This Policy is aimed at acting as an umbrella document to address the issue of hazardous waste.
Pharmaceutical Industry being a potential source of generating hazardous material as byproduct of its manufacturing, research and development processes. These involve handling of various chemical compounds which may be toxic, reactive, flammable or otherwise hazardous to human health and environment Therefore, proper management of hazardous waste in pharmaceutical industry is crucial to protect human health and environment.
The Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) in 167th meeting directed to upload the National Hazardous Waste Management Policy 2022 on its website for the information and awareness of pharmaceutical industry and other stakeholders.
Pharmacovigilance is the science and practice of monitoring the safety and efficacy of drugs, both before and after they are marketed. It is a vital aspect of ensuring public health and patient safety, as well as complying with regulatory requirements and ethical standards.
Pharmacovigilance officers are professionals who are responsible for collecting, analyzing, and reporting data on adverse drug reactions, drug interactions, and other potential safety issues. They also conduct risk assessments, implement risk management plans, and communicate with health authorities, health professionals, and patients.
The National Pharmacovigilance Centre at Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan urges the pharma industry to nominate or appoint pharmacovigilance officers for their products, as this will ensure the highest standards of quality and safety for their customers and patients. Pharmacovigilance is not only a legal obligation but also a social responsibility. Focusing on pharmacovigilance can enhance reputation, credibility, and competitiveness of a product in the global market.
According to the Pharmacovigilance Rules, 2022, notified by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP), it is the legal obligation of the pharma industry to nominate or appoint a pharmacovigilance officer for products registered under the DRAP Act, 2012. The pharmacovigilance officer is required to perform the following duties:
- To collect, record, and report adverse events and other safety data related to the product to the National Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPC) within the specified time frame.
- To conduct periodic safety update reports (PSURs) and risk-benefit assessments of the product and submit them to the NPC.
- To implement risk management plans (RMPs) and risk minimization measures (RMMs) for the product as per the NPC’s recommendations.
- To ensure compliance with the pharmacovigilance rules and guidelines issued by the NPC and DRAP.
- To maintain pharmacovigilance records and documentation for at least 10 years.
“The NPC was established by DRAP in July 2022 under the Pharmacovigilance Rules, 2022, with the aim to enhance the pharmacovigilance activities in the country . The NPC is responsible for collecting, analyzing, monitoring, and preventing adverse effects of therapeutic goods, as well as reviewing and assessing safety data, conducting risk evaluations, and communicating with health authorities, health professionals, and patients. The NPC also provides training, guidance, and support to the provincial or regional pharmacovigilance centres, public health programs, and product registration holders.”
The Ethical Marketing to Healthcare Professionals Rules have been notified vide SRO 1472(I)/2021 on the 12th of November 2021 by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan. These rules have been promulgated to make the interaction between companies and healthcare professionals transparent, free from corrupt practices and to facilitate medical decisions making in the best interest of the patient.
The aforementioned rules require therapeutic goods companies to submit marketing expenditure details under rule 14(2) and annual compliance certificate under rule 13(h). Subsequent to the notification of these rules, DRAP has drafted an implementation strategy which requires systematic data submission.
The implementation strategy is aimed at harmonized data submissions by stakeholders in a systemic manner, we have drafted followings formats for data submission:-
Comments from therapeutic goods companies, healthcare professionals and relevant stakeholders are invited on the draft documents within 15 days. These comments along with justification are to be submitted using prescribed format, (further information on comments submission can be accessed on this link). Comments and suggestions can be forwarded via email to drap.pharmacy∂gmail.com, copying at aqsa.hashmi∂dra.gov.pk , or can be posted at mailing address, Director, Division of Pharmacy Services, Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan, Islamabad.
Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan, on the recommendations of the Registration Board has issued guidance for submitting applications for registration of pharmaceutical product with multiple strengths and different fill volumes. The Notification issued in this regard is as under:-
The Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan, with the Federal Government’s approval, has made amendments to the Bio-Study Rule 2017. Through this amendments, the Application Form (Form-IIA) for BA/BE Studies has been revised to rationalize the requirement for submission of the reference product’s Certificate of Pharmaceutical Products (CoPP). The Notification issued in this regard is as under:-
Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan with approval of the Federal Government, in exercising its powers conferred by subclause (vii) of clause (c) of section 7 of the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan Act2012 (XXI of 2012) readwith section 1 2 of the Drugs Act, 197 6 (XXXI of 197 6) has notified the maximum retail prices of cardiac stents as specified hereunder:-