Availability of essential medicines is one of the essential building blocks of healthcare system. Essential medicines are those which satisfy the primary healthcare need of the population. These are intended to be available within the context of functioning of health system at all times, in adequate amounts, in the appropriate dosage form with assured quality, and at a price that the individual and community can afford.
Careful selection of a limited range of essential medicines of high quality can provide better management towards judicious use of health resources.
National standard treatment guidelines navigate selection of essential medicine with the expectation to ensure their availability with reference to proper use of medicine within the healthcare system while reducing its cost.
National Essential Medicine List NEML is a critical document which provides and supports quality of health services across the country. The list is based on disease prevalence, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness and parameters adapted by W.H.O in its latest edition of Model List of Essential Medicines.
Health sector in general and Pharmaceutical sector in particular is expected to seriously consider adopting this list as a way forward to guide Provincial Governments in Medicine & Pharmaceutical sector policies, the determinants of medicines access and availability. The Provincial Governments can play a pivotal role to encourage procurement and supply chain management policies based on essential medicine concepts to promote rational use of scarce public resources. Drug Regulatory Authority is committed to make all efforts to improve patient care through availability of cost efficacious, safe & quality medicines availability in the country.
The current version, updated in October 2023 is based on the 23rd WHO Model List of Essential Medicines List (MLEM).
National Essential Medicine List-2023
English ( 47.8 MB – PDF)
National Essential Medicine List-2021
English ( 10.8 MB – PDF)
National Essential Medicine List-2020
English ( 55 MB – PDF)
National Essential Medicine List-2018
English ( 15 MB – PDF)
National Essential Medicine List-2016
English ( 39 MB – PDF)